Product Manager Role: Skills and Responsibilities

Product Manager Role: Skills and Responsibilities cover

The product manager role is multifaceted. It uses creativity to craft delightful product experiences and analytical skills to navigate complex data in order to design a better product.

But what exactly does it take to get into product management? Are there specific skills and responsibilities that are required?

Let’s explore the role of a product manager, its skills, and the responsibilities that they need to take every day.


  • Product managers coordinate the development, management, and success of a product, coordinating from concept to launch.
  • If you want to get into product management, the top skills required to apply for this role include the following:
  • For soft skills:
  1. Leadership for cross-functional teams.
  2. Strategic thinking to craft product strategies.
  3. Problem-solving skills to fix issues as they arise.
  4. Time management to manage the team’s operations well.
  5. Effective communication to connect multi-disciplinary teams.
  • For hard skills:
  1. Master product management knowledge.
  2. Technical knowledge in coding languages, project management tools, and data analytics.
  3. Design thinking to implement user-centric design methodologies.
  4. Project management methodologies like Agile or Scrum.
  5. Data analysis skills to discern data and develop adequate strategies.
  • As a product manager, your key responsibilities in a company include:
  1. Conducting market research to lead product strategy for understanding market dynamics and shaping product direction.
  2. Defining the product’s long-term vision and strategic direction of the product.
  3. Developing and maintaining a product roadmap to guide the development team and stakeholders on the product’s vision, direction, and progress.
  4. Getting involved in the design process to ensure user-centric product experiences.
  5. Managing and working with cross-functional teams, collaborating with various teams to align with product goals and ensure cohesive work.
  6. Defining KPIs and monitoring them to assess product success and areas for improvement.
  7. Collecting feedback and analyzing the customer data for continuous product improvement and iterating the product.
  • According to Glassdoor, the salary range in the U.S. is $97,000 to $162,000 per year, plus $23K – $44K/yr in compensation. But it can be influenced by multiple factors.
  • Since you’ll need a proper tech stack to perform your best as a product manager, try a Userpilot demo to see how you can easily automate and streamline your work without coding!

What is a product manager?

The product manager’s role involves overseeing the development, management, and success of a product or product line. It coordinates various aspects of product development, from concept to launch, and includes tasks like market research, strategy formulation, and cross-functional team coordination.

The ultimate goal of a product manager is to ensure that the product meets market needs, aligns with company goals, and achieves commercial success.

Top skills required for product managers

As we mentioned earlier, product managers are flexible and combine creative thinking with technical skills.

That said, the following mix of soft and hard skills enables product managers to navigate design challenges, innovate, and drive a product’s success in the market.

Soft skills

  • Leadership: A product manager must lead and guide cross-functional teams toward a unified goal.
  • Strategic thinking: They need the ability to design product strategies that align with overall business objectives.
  • Problem-solving: Product managers must quickly identify obstacles and solve them on the go to keep the product development on track.
  • Time management: Which is crucial to balance product development and team coordination, as well as keep a steady workflow.
  • Communication: Clear and effective communication is essential, both for internal team interactions and external stakeholder engagement.

Hard skills

  • Product management knowledge: Understanding the concepts of a product lifecycle, market positioning, and user-centric design principles.
  • Technical knowledge: Familiarity with project management tools, data analytics tools, coding languages, APIs, and more.
  • Design thinking: Ability to apply design methodology for innovative and user-focused product implementations, test, and iterate constantly.
  • Project management: Apply methodologies like Agile or Scrum to stream processes and to get projects done efficiently
  • Data analytics: Using data analytics tools to inform decisions and track product performance metrics.
product manager role data analytics
Watching over product analytics with Userpilot.

Key responsibilities of a product manager

In general, product managers play a crucial role in bridging the gaps between teams, aligning product strategies with business goals, and ensuring customer needs are met. Here are their core responsibilities:

Conduct market research to inform product strategy

Understanding market dynamics and performing research operations is crucial for a product manager.

This can involve digging deep into industry trends and customer needs, as well as identifying potential opportunities that can shape the product’s direction. For this, a product manager must embrace a diverse array of market research methods, such as conducting surveys, engaging in user interviews, and analyzing market research reports and industry data.

This way, product managers can collect enough data to come up with a product strategy that aligns with customers’ needs and business goals.

market research product manager role
Example of a market research strategy.

Define product vision and strategy

A product manager is responsible for setting the product’s long-term vision and strategic direction.

This means defining the overarching goals of the product, outlining the key features and functionalities that will distinguish the product in the market, and following a vision that’s not only innovative but also aligns with the company’s broader objectives and customer expectations.

Develop and maintain a product roadmap

Creating and maintaining a product roadmap is also part of a product manager’s role.

This roadmap serves as a strategic plan that sets out the vision, direction, priorities, and progress of the product over time. It’s a tool that guides the development team and stakeholders as it outlines the key milestones and features that the product will go through.

Plus, product managers can also create a public roadmap to collaborate with the user base and receive feedback, find new feature ideas, and collaborate with customers—making them feel that their opinions matter.

product manager role roadmap
ProdCamp’s product roadmap.

Provide UX/UI input for product development

Involvement in the UX/UI design process is key for product managers as their design skills are necessary to build a product that stands out in the market.

This involvement can imply providing feedback and insights during the design stages to make sure the product experience is user-centric. Some tasks for this can include comparative analysis of features against competitors, testing design prototypes to ensure they meet usability standards, and analyzing the prototype’s performance to make better iterations.

Manage and work with cross-functional teams

The main reason product management is a multifaceted role is that it needs to collaborate with multiple teams at the same time—including design, marketing, development, and executives.

Part of this job involves:

  • Defining and communicating the responsibilities of team members to ensure that everyone is aligned with the product goals.
  • Implementing collaboration tools so everyone can communicate and work cohesively.
  • Schedule regular cross-functional team meetings to keep everyone on the same page, form ideas, and make sure everyone is aligned.

The better a product manager can lead multiple teams, the higher its value.

Define KPIs and monitor important metrics

Selecting the right Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) is essential to track the product’s success and areas for improvement.

That’s why a product manager must be able to:

  • Identify the KPIs that align with the business vision and mission.
  • Use analytics tools to track those KPIs regularly and analyze the factors that affect product performance.
  • Find strategies that lead to an overall improvement in those KPIs.

In SaaS, common KPIs include user engagement, product adoption rates, MRR and ARR, DAU and MAU, customer stickiness, and customer retention rate. Thus, product managers need to find ways to improve these metrics so they bring more returns to the company.

product manager role kpi
Tracking KPIs with Userpilot.

Gather and analyze customer data for iteration

Collecting customer feedback and analyzing it is fundamental for continuous product improvement.

As a product manager, you must find ways to connect with users, get into their heads, and extract insightful data that will help you craft a product that attracts loyal customers.

For this, a product manager needs to monitor in-app behavior, conduct customer interviews, send surveys through emails or in-app, and ask customers directly for their opinions.

With the right mix of customer data and KPIs, then you can finally make informed decisions that steer product development in the right direction.

pmf survey example
Creating a PMF survey with Userpilot.

How much does a product manager make?

The salary range for a product manager in the United States, as indicated by Glassdoor, spans from $97,000 to $162,000 per year, plus $23K – $44K/yr in compensation.

However, this range reflects the broad scope of responsibility and variation in experience levels within the product management field. Salaries at the lower end of the spectrum are typically associated with positions in smaller companies or less competitive markets. While the higher, end of the salary range is often found in larger companies or for individuals with extensive experience and a proven track record of success in product management.

Also, other factors such as the specific industry, company size, product complexity, and geographical location can significantly affect the salary range. Plus, it’s worth adding that compensations such as bonuses, stock options, and benefits are also very common and can significantly contribute to your yearly income.


The product manager role is dynamic.

Its essential skills range from leadership and strategic thinking to technical knowledge and design thinking, while key responsibilities include conducting market research, defining product vision, managing cross-functional teams, and monitoring KPIs.

And since you’ll need a proper tech stack to perform your best as a product manager, try a Userpilot demo to see how you can easily automate and streamline your work without coding!

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