Data Analysis For Product Managers: The Complete Guide

Data Analysis For Product Managers: The Complete Guide cover

Data analysis is integral to a product manager’s job – it’s what helps them build impactful products. This article dives deep into data analysis for product managers. You’ll learn:

  • Why every product manager should take data analysis seriously
  • Steps to analyze data and make informed decisions
  • Types of data analysis product managers should be interested in
  • The best data analytics tools to use


  • Data-driven product management means your product decisions are primarily informed by analysis of real-world data rather than intuition or guesswork. This approach is vital in modern product management, and every product manager needs to embrace it.

User data analysis helps:

Steps to analyze data to make informed decisions:

  1. Define the objective of your analysis.
  2. Specify the relevant metrics and key performance indicators.
  3. Collect user behavior data from multiple sources.
  4. Analyze user research data to gain data-driven insights.

Types of data analysis and how product managers can use them:

Learn about three of the best product analytics tools to gather valuable insights, including Userpilot. Book a demo now to discuss your needs.

What is data-driven product management?

Data-driven product management means your product decisions are primarily informed by analysis of real-world data rather than intuition, guesswork, or competitor actions.

It utilizes data to understand your users, optimize your product experiences, and ultimately achieve core business goals.

Why is data analysis important for product managers?

Data analysis helps product managers transform raw data into meaningful insights, guiding teams to make informed decisions throughout the product life cycle.

Here’s how it plays a key role in various aspects of product management:

  • Provides direction for product development: Data analysis lets you identify market trends, customer needs, and gaps in the current product offerings. By understanding what users truly want and need, you can prioritize features and direct resources more effectively.
  • Helps create impactful product enhancements: Continuous monitoring and analysis of user engagement enables product teams to identify which features users value the most and which areas need improvement. The data-driven insights from this exercise ensure updates solve real problems and contribute significantly to the product’s value proposition.
  • Improves the user experience and increases customer loyalty: As earlier mentioned, data analytics reveals improvements you can make to enhance the overall user experience. A better user experience not only attracts new customers but also fosters loyalty among existing users, as they feel their needs and feedback are being valued and addressed.

How to analyze data to make informed decisions

Follow this structured process to convert raw data into useful insights.

1. Define the objective of your analysis

Start by clearly defining what you want to achieve with your analysis.

This could be understanding user behavior, improving engagement, measuring the success of a new feature, identifying pain points in the user journey, or gauging overall product performance.

You can also use goal-setting frameworks to define the goal of your data analysis.

2. Specify the relevant metrics

Choose product analytics metrics based on your objectives. These are the metrics that will guide your analysis and help you build strategies based on real numbers.

For example, a product manager trying to improve app engagement would track metrics such as the average session duration, feature usage, and customer lifetime value.

3. Collect user behavior data from multiple sources

One data source is usually not enough to gain a comprehensive understanding of user behavior and needs. Combining data from various quantitative and qualitative data sources allows you to see the full picture and be equipped to make better, data-driven decisions.

Utilize tools like funnel analysis and trends analysis to gather rich quantitative data. Then, employ qualitative data sources such as customer feedback and heatmaps to understand the why behind user behavior.

Features heatmap generated with Userpilot.

4. Analyze user data to gain data-driven insights

Now that you have comprehensive user data, it’s time to analyze it and draw actionable conclusions.

Use data analytics tools like Userpilot to make the process easier. These tools help spot patterns and trends in user behavior so you’re able to draw useful insights. Once you’ve found the connecting dots, it’s time to implement changes and improve the user experience.

For example, if the data shows users have difficulty using a feature, you can introduce tooltips to provide contextual guidance and help users make the most of your tool.

Tooltips can be added to reduce friction in the user experience.

Types of data analysis and how product managers can use them

If you ask data analysts, they can go on and on with numerous data points to track, but no, you don’t need to measure everything. These six data analysis types are enough to help you make solid product management decisions that drive revenue growth.

Funnel analysis to understand user journeys

Funnel analysis visualizes the user journey through a sequence of steps leading to a desired action, like completing sign-up, account renewal, or reaching a specific usage milestone.

It’s called a ‘funnel’ because the user base narrows at each stage, highlighting drop-off points where users are abandoning the process. By analyzing how many customers progress through each funnel step, product managers can identify friction and areas for improvement.

Track conversion steps with ease.

Trend analysis to track trends across the customer journey

Trend analysis involves examining data over time to identify consistent patterns or trends. For product managers, this is particularly useful for tracking engagement and understanding how customer behaviors and preferences evolve. It’s also helpful to track the differences between various segments of your user base.

For example, trends analysis performed over a specific period can help you understand what features and in-app flows drive better adoption. Armed with this information, you can trigger flows relevant to your user segments and boost product usage.

Trends analysis report showing user engagement over time.
Trends analysis report showing user engagement over time.

Cohort analysis to track retention

Cohort analysis groups users based on shared characteristics, like sign-up date or feature usage, and tracks their behavior over time.

By using cohort analysis, product managers can identify which user segments are most loyal and what factors contribute to their continued engagement. This information is crucial for developing targeted strategies to improve user retention.

Create behavioral cohort analysis and other data analytics reports with Userpilot.
Create behavioral cohort analysis and other data analytics reports with Userpilot.

Customer feedback analysis to monitor user sentiment

Customer feedback analysis delves into the emotions and opinions users express about your product. It goes beyond traditional metrics like user engagement and focuses on understanding the “why” behind user behavior.

By leveraging tools like Userpilot to analyze responses to NPS, CSAT, and other forms of in-app surveys, product managers can identify user preferences and prioritize development efforts.

User feedback survey builder in Userpilot.

Analytics dashboard for a comprehensive view of all key stats

Analytics dashboards aggregate multiple data sources into a single visual interface, providing a comprehensive view of key metrics and stats such as user engagement, conversion rates, revenue, customer satisfaction scores, and more.

Many analytics tools let you customize your dashboard with metrics you care about and visualize them with multiple chart options. A detailed data analytics dashboard gives you access to real-time data, so you’re able to draw fresh insights every time. Also, you can easily spot patterns, trends, and anomalies without having to juggle between different report pages.

Data analytics dashboard showing feature engagement.

A/B testing to enhance the onboarding experience

A/B testing involves creating two or more versions of a user interface element or feature and sending them to different segments of your user base to see what resonates more.

Implement this data analysis to refine your user onboarding strategy. Test variations of your onboarding flows, UI elements, and calls to action. Then, analyze the result to see which variation was better at helping users realize value and adopt your tool.

Create A/B and multivariate tests code-free.

Best product analytics tools to enable product teams to gather valuable insights

This section shows you the best tools for web and product analytics. We’ll go over their key features and what they can help you achieve.

Userpilot – Best product analytics tool

Userpilot is a product growth and adoption platform with features to help product teams understand user behavior and improve product experiences. The platform is code-free and easy to use, removing the need for data scientists.

Key Userpilot features that can help achieve your data analytics goals include:

  • Trends analysis: Track changes in user behavior over time and identify patterns or anomalies that need immediate attention.
  • Funnel analysis: See how users navigate through key workflows and pinpoint where drop-offs happen. Investigate further to find and address the root causes.
  • Path analysis: Visualize the different paths users take within your product, and see how many users stick to the happy path.
  • Analytics dashboards: Create customized dashboards to gain a high-level view of key metrics for quick assessments and decision-making.
  • Cohort analysis: Compare the behavior of different user groups based on shared characteristics over time. Spot insights that can help you boost engagement and retention.
  • Feature reports: Gain detailed reports on how users interact with product features. Understand the impact of individual features and use the insight to inform product development.
Track product analytics code-free.
  • A/B testing: Test different variations of your flow or UI elements and see what resonates better.
Conduct product experiments with Userpilot.
Conduct product experiments with Userpilot.
  • User feedback widgets: Make it easy for users to provide feedback when they feel frustrated or excited about your product. Analyze the responses and inform strategic decisions.
Collect user feedback at scale.
Collect user feedback at scale.
  • Heatmaps: Visualize user actions in your product and spot areas of high or low engagement.

Google Analytics – Best web analytics tool

Google Analytics is ideal for web and marketing analytics. The platform offers a free and paid option, enabling teams at all levels to analyze data and drive growth.

Key features:

  • Path analysis: See how visitors navigate your website and identify popular pathways.
  • Cohort analysis: Compare the behavior of different visitor groups based on acquisition channels or other criteria.
  • Funnel analysis: Track visitor progress through key conversion stages and spot improvement opportunities.
  • Event analysis: Monitor specific user actions on your website, like button clicks or page scrolls, to understand engagement and spot ways to convert visitors to paying customers.
Event analysis on GA.

Hotjar – Best tool for qualitative data analytics

Hotjar excels at capturing qualitative data, providing visual and behavioral insights to supplement quantitative data for product managers.

Key features:

  • Heatmaps: See where users click, scroll, and move their mouse, revealing areas of focus and potential confusion.
  • Session recordings: Watch real user sessions to understand how customers interact with your product and identify pain points.
  • User feedback: Gather user thoughts about your product or service and find ways to enhance product experiences.
Session recording made with Hotjar.


In order to thrive as a product manager, you need to know how to collect data and analyze it to generate useful insights. It’s fine if data isn’t your strong point; some PMs are more inclined to the creative side of things, and if that’s you, then embracing no-code tools will be a game changer.

Platforms like Userpilot make data analysis much easier. You can access data for your conversion funnel, collect user feedback, and dig deeper into your product analytics. Book a demo now to try it!

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